Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Treatments
Whole blood consists of a cellular component, red and white blood cells, suspended in the plasma liquid component. The majority of the cellular component consists of erythrocytes or red blood cells (RBC), at approximately 45 per cent of whole blood. The remaining cell fraction represents only one per cent of whole blood volume and may be divided into two cell types: platelets, an integral part of the clotting cascade; and leucocytes or white blood cells, a major component of the immune system. Plasma represents almost 55 per cent of the whole blood volume and contains, amongst others, a mix of proteins including growth factors, sugars, clotting factors and immunoglobulins.
It is thought that an intra-articular injection of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) will deliver activated platelets that may reduce inflammation, provide pain relief, improve function and stimulate possible cartilage regeneration at the site of injury, in this case the worn cartilage area of the knee. Approximately 30- 60 mL of whole blood is removed from the patient and centrifuged. PRP is approximately 10 per cent of the whole blood volume, that is, when 60 mL of blood is drawn, a yield of 6 mL of PRP is expected.
PRP treatment is considered a safe procedure due to using your body’s own cells.
PRP injections are also designed to rejuvenate and regenerate skin conditions related to ageing and scarring. Its powerful growth factor and natural stem cell content that are specifically designed to stimulate regeneration and restructure of the skin tissue. This is vital for youthful looking, glowing and radiant skin.